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New Map Shows 88.6 Percent Of North Dakotans Live Within 10 Miles Of A Gun Dealer
Recent Polls Showed That 94 Percent of North Dakotans Support Background Checks
NEW YORK – Mayors Against Illegal Guns released a map today showing that 88.6 percent of North Dakotans live within ten miles of a gun store, disproving the gun lobby’s claim that background checks would be a burden for private gun sellers and bolstering the case for checks on all gun sales. There are 415 federally licensed gun dealers in North Dakota – more than the number of post offices – making it fast and easy for private sellers to meet buyers at local gun dealers to run a background check before completing a sale. Ninety percent of background checks take just minutes to complete, further illustrating the ease and convenience of a required check. The North Dakota map, as well as a national map showing federally licensed gun dealers across the country, can be viewed here: www.DemandAction.org/dealers
“The gun lobby has long argued that requiring background checks would be burdensome for sellers – these maps definitively refute that idea,” said Mayors Against Illegal Guns Co-Chair and New York CityMayor Michael R. Bloomberg. “It’s clear that, no matter where you live in America, getting a background check will be quick and convenient – who wouldn’t drive ten miles to save a life? Americans overwhelmingly support background checks for all gun sales. It’s time for Congress to make it a reality.”
“The NRA’s argument that background checks are ‘inconvenient’ for gun sellers and buyers is ridiculous, especially since almost every American lives within ten miles of a licensed gun dealer,” Mayors Against Illegal Guns Co-Chair and Boston Mayor Thomas M. Menino said. “These checks are quick, easy measures that will help make our neighborhoods safer. That’s why Americans almost unanimously agree that we need background checks for every gun sale – and that’s why it’s time for our leaders inWashington to act.”
Under current law, federally licensed gun dealers are required to conduct criminal background checks on all gun buyers, however, around 40 percent of U.S. gun transfers are conducted by unlicensed “private sellers” who are not required to conduct a federal check, and who often do business at gun shows and on the Internet. This indicates that about 6.6 million guns were transferred in the U.S. in 2012 with no background check for the buyer. This loophole allows dangerous people who are prohibited from buying guns – including felons, domestic abusers and the seriously mentally ill – to avoid a background check by simply avoiding licensed dealers.
The Protecting Responsible Gun Owners Act (S.374), sponsored by New York Senator Charles E. Schumer, would require background checks for all gun sales and would close the private sale loophole. The bill passed the Senate Judiciary Committee yesterday.
Evidence demonstrates that background checks save lives. For example, in the fourteen states that already require background checks for all handgun sales:
- Gun trafficking is 48 percent lower than in states that fail to require background checks for all handgun sales.
- In 2010, the rate of women murdered by an intimate partner with a gun was 38 percent lower than in other states, while the rate murdered by other means was nearly identical.
- The firearm suicide rate was 49 percent lower than in other states, even though people committed suicide in other ways at almost precisely the same rate.
Recent polls by Mayors Against Illegal Guns showed likely voters in a wide range of states and congressional districts overwhelmingly support background checks for all gun sales. The average support for background checks for all gun sales among 41 congressional district polls was 89 percent; the average among 21 statewide polls was 86 percent. In North Dakota, 94 percent support background checks.
These findings are in line with recent independent polls that have found more than 90 percent of Americans support background checks for all buyers. Previous polling by Republican Frank Luntz for Mayors Against Illegal Guns also found that 82 percent of gun owners – including 74 percent of National Rifle Association members – support requiring criminal background checks for anyone purchasing a gun.
Mayors Against Illegal Guns recently released an ad highlighting the NRA’s flip-flop on background checks. NRA President Wayne LaPierre recently testified before the Senate Judiciary Committee that theWashington gun lobby no longer supports background checks for all gun sales. The coalition’s ad highlighted previous LaPierre testimony before Congress from 1999 in which he said that the NRA supported closing background check loopholes, “No loopholes anywhere. For anyone.” Philip J. Cook & Jens Ludwig, Guns in America, 1996, available athttp://www.policefoundation.org/pdf/GunsinAmerica.pdf. 2,568 individuals, including 251 gun owners, were surveyed by telephone and asked how they obtained their firearms.
 In the 38 states that have not fully closed the private sale loophole, an estimated 9,856,984 background checks were conducted between November 2011 and November 2012, out of an estimated 16.5 million total firearm transfers in those states. 40 percent of this total—6.6 million transfers—occurred without background checks. Calculation based on FBI data. Available: http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/cjis/nics/reports/20130205_1998_2013_state_program_to_date_purpose_ids.pdf
 Daniel Webster, Jon Vernick, & Maria Bulzacchelli, “Effects of State-Level Firearm Seller Accountability Policies on Firearm Trafficking,” Journal of Urban Health, July 2009.
 U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Supplementary Homicide Reports, 2011.
 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System (WISQARS) [online]. (2005) [cited 2012 Dec. 20].